The Hunger Games in Holy Week

While I walked through Holy Week, considering the cross and Christ’s sacrifice, I was also reading The Hunger Games.  With the recent cinematic splash of the movie version, I figured I better get up to speed and dove into the first book (I’m hooked so I’m reading through the whole trilogy).

As I finished it in the early days of Holy Week, I was struck by how current all the basic theological concepts of the cross of Christ remain.  It’s not unusual to hear critiques of the theology surrounding the cross, how concepts like sacrifice, propitiation, atonement are relics in our guilt-free culture.  And while there’s not a prayer to be heard or a single reference to any deity, The Hunger Games provides a disturbingly relevant exploration of this rich Christian theology.

The Hunger Games pictures a dystopian North American future where a privileged class (the Capitol) oppresses and subjugates “the districts” after a rebellion.  As President Snow reminds, “It was decreed that each year, the 12 districts of Panem should offer up a tribute of one young man and woman between the ages of 12 and 18 to be trained in the art of survival and to be prepared to fight to the death.”  Children are offered up to the empire and this whole spectacle of violence is broadcast for the entertainment of the Capitol citizens while all the districts are forced to watch in horror.

Author Suzanne Collins picks up antecedent threads of human history (the “bread and circuses” of ancient Rome), literary works (the Greek myth Theseus, Shirley Jackson’s The Lottery) and current culture (The Truman Show and most reality TV), weaving it all into a narrative rich with theological themes. All the tributes in The Hunger Games are scapegoats, atoning for the sins of a past rebellion.  Within the brutality of the games, we see the obvious juxtaposition of those living for self-preservation or self-amusement and those sacrificing themselves for others.  Katniss Everdeen volunteers for her sister who’s name is first chosen in the reaping.  She substitutes herself, laying down her life in her sister’s place.  Another character, Peeta, suffers sacrificially, absorbing an attack to protect Katniss.

It’s a compelling read showing our easy default towards scapegoating violence no matter how sophisticated we become; its a prophetic critique of our society, amusing ourselves with violence at the cost of others, our propensity to live sated lives at the expense of impoverished people around the world; and it’s a disturbingly relevant echo of the need for divine atonement, our desperate need for a sacrificial love to undo evil, end violence and change the world.

It was surprisingly helpful Holy Week preparation to freshly appreciate the sacrifice of Christ on the cross, God’s common grace given to better savour his saving grace.

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  1. #1 by Joanna on April 14, 2012 - 9:22 pm

    Phil, do you think the very young children who are watching Hunger Games will take this message away from the film? With the guidance of a wise adult, I would say yes. However, I would realistically predict that small groups of’ tweens’ will not be accompanied by such a person. Without this, what kind of impact will it have?
    Jo

    • #2 by phil on April 15, 2012 - 5:55 am

      Joanna – its very easy for any viewer (tween or adult) of THG to become like the audience at the Capitol, to watch the film to be entertained. That’s part of the critique THG poses to everyone in our culture – you’re not at all far from the people of the Capitol who are watching these games because, in fact, you are doing that very thing as you watch the film.

      THG is a good story and deserves a healthy conversation about its content and message. I hope you’ll be one of those wise guides who helps others to have important conversations about this book/film.

  2. #3 by onebreathmeditation on April 14, 2012 - 11:07 pm

    Great post, very insightful :)

  3. #4 by Keith Shields on April 15, 2012 - 9:31 am

    Thanks Phil. You have done a great job of pulling the relevant theological threads together so that others might better analyze the message of cross in the midst of a world smitten with the message of “The Hunger Games.”

  4. #5 by John Van Sloten on April 15, 2012 - 3:34 pm

    Great post Phil. I’m going to quickly have to forget you wrote it so that I can preach all my deep insights re: the film when I preach it in a few months.

    • #6 by phil on April 15, 2012 - 7:28 pm

      Steal away John. It’ll preach for sure!

  5. #7 by Illustration Topics on June 13, 2012 - 11:14 pm

    Popular culture is a great source for illustrations during sermons. A lot of early Christian art used pictures and symbols for teaching purposes. It seems that people have forgotten about that. Great connections throughout the post.

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